Intraspecific predation on a subadult brown bear in Greece
Alexandros A. Karamanlidis1,2,4, John J. Beecham3, Christos Chatziioannou1, Miguel de Gabriel Hernando1, Konstantinos Grivas1, Lambros Krambokoukis1, and Giorgos Papakostas1 1ARCTUROS - Civil Society for the Protection and Management of Wildlife and the Natural Environment, 53075 Aetos, Florina, Greece 2Department of Ecology and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 1432 Ås, Norway 3Boise, ID 83703, USA 4email: firstname.lastname@example.org Associate Editor: Shideler
Intraspecific predation (cannibalism) in brown bears (Ursus arctos) is a behavior rarely documented, and it remains poorly understood. In April 2010 we documented the probable killing and partial consumption of a subadult female bear by a subadult male bear; both bears had been captured during a telemetry study in northern Greece. Intraspecific killing was supported by a match between the inter-canine distance of the male, fatal wounds on the female, and the absence of other bear tracks at the trap site; consumption of the subadult female by the subadult male was witnessed directly by the trapping team. This is the first reported case of probable intraspecific killing and predation of a subadult female by a subadult male brown bear. Though intraspecific predation appears to be a rare phenomenon, trapping teams should always strive to reduce the time an animal is captured in a trap, such as by using trap alarms.
Received: January 28, 2015; Accepted: April 14, 2015 Keywords: brown bear, cannibalism, Greece, management, trapping, Ursus arctos