Post by grrraaahhh on Nov 22, 2010 14:35:23 GMT -9
New topic :Human-bear conflict:
"Characteristics of sloth bear attacks and human casualties in North Bilaspur Forest Division, Chhattisgarh, India H.S. Bargali1'3, Naim Akhtar2'4, and N.P.S. Chauhan2'5 1World Wide Fund for Nature - India, Lodi Estate, New Delhi 110003, India 2Wildlife Institute of India, PO Box 18, Chandrabani, Dehradun 248001, India Abstract: Sloth bears (Melursus ursinus) are endemic to the Indian subcontinent and frequently come into conflict with humans. In the North Bilaspur Forest Division, a total of 137 attacks (resulting in 11 deaths) occurred between April 1998 and December 2000. Most (54%) incidents took place during the monsoon season. Attacks occurred (45%) early in the morning (0400-0800 hrs) more frequently than at other times; human activities at the time of attack were most frequently defecation (27%); locations of attacks were in kitchen gardens, crop fields, and in adjoining forests. A single bear was in- volved in a majority (56%) of incidents, but groups of 2 (20%) and 3 (21%) bears were also involved. Attacks were predominantly by a single bear (93%) and rarely by 2 (4%) or 3 bears. In most cases, the attacking bear ran away (55%) or was chased by other people (39%) or livestock. Most victims suffered multiple injuries (52%); single injuries on legs (25%), hand (12%), and head (8%) regions were also recorded. " "...Bears most commonly (36.5%) attacked by running on all four legs and knocking the victim down. The second most common (28.5%) mode was attacking by standing on their hind leg (Table 2). More rarely (1.5%), bears tried to climb a tree to attack the victim in the tree. .." www.bearbiology.com/fileadmin/tpl/Downloads/URSUS/Vol_16_2/Bargali_Akhtar_16_2_.pdf
Injuries from bear (Ursus thibetanus) attacks in Kashmir Kaﬂmir’de ay› (Ursus thibetanus) sald›r›lar›ndan kaynaklanan yaralanmalar Shafaat Rashid TAK, Gh Nabi DAR, Manzoor Ahmed HALWAI, Bashir Ahmed MIR BACKGROUND Strict conservation of wildlife and encroachment into its habi- tat have led to an increase in the number of wild animal- inflicted injuries and fatalities in Kashmir. The aim of this study was to report injuries inflicted during bear attacks and discuss their management and sequelae. METHODS A retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Orthopedics Government Medical College Srinagar, University of Kashmir, from January 2003 to June 2007. A total of 254 cases (186 males, 68 females) with history of bear attacks were recorded over a period of 54 months. RESULTS Eighty percent of victims were attacked in the maize fields and apple orchards and 20% in the dense forests while collect- ing firewood or tending to the cattle. Lacerations of the head and neck and fractures of the upper limbs and facial and skull bones were the striking observations. Permanent facial disfig- urement, hearing loss, loss of digits, residual neurodeficit, and persistent psychological morbidity were the long-term seque- lae in most of the patients. CONCLUSION Wild animal-inflicted injuries are a neglected part of trauma. There should be a high index of suspicion when treating these injuries, as serious underlying bone or soft-tissue damage can be overlooked. Management of these injuries involves all subspecialties of trauma to achieve the best functional out- c o m e .
"...A total of 254 cases were recorded over a period of 54 months. There were 186 (71.7%) males and 68 (28.3%) females, including 16 children (Table 1). Two hundred and three (80%) victims were attacked in the maize fields and apple orchards; only 51 (20%) victims were attacked in the dense forests. Deep lacerations to the scalp, face and trunk were the most common findings, affecting 163 (64%) patients. Upper limb (24%) and facial (19%) and skull bone (18%) fractures were a striking observa- tion. Hearing loss, intracranial bleed and fractures of the ribs were seen in 12.%, 6% and 4.7% of patients, respectively. Avulsion of tendons and nerves of the forearm and hand was seen in 28% of patients. Injuries to the eyes and external ears were less com- mon (Table 2). Long-term sequelae in most of the patients were permanent facial disfigurement (10.6%) (Fig. 1), loss of digits (4.3%), hearing loss (12.5%) and stiffness of the joints (21.5%). Residual neurodeficit (1.9%) and persistent psychological morbidity were seen in some patients (Table 3). There were two mortalities. ..." The bear usually attacks for self defense with special predilection towards the face, causing minor injuries to some but major fractures and serious dis- figurement in others (Figs. 1, 2). In addition, to bite by powerful jaws, the common means of attack by the bear is to slap the head and facial region of the victim, leading to fractures of skull and facial bones, extra- or intracranial hemorrhage, hearing loss and deep lacerations to the face. Compound fractures of the upper limbs, tendon lacerations and hearing loss (due to powerful slap) are commonly seen in the vic- tims of bear attack. .."
Bear-crunched-on-mans-skull A POLITICIAN who lost an eye in a horrific bear attack has told of the sickening moment he felt the beast's teeth crunch against his skull.
John Chelminiak, 58, also suffered a cut to his neck so deep it reached his spine, as well as wounds to his face, stomach and lower body when the bear pounced. Speaking from hospital, he said: "I vividly remember being bitten on the head and the sound that makes as her teeth were going into my head and running along the skull. John Chelminiak, 58, also suffered a cut to his neck so deep it reached his spine, as well as wounds to his face, stomach and lower body when the bear pounced.
Speaking from hospital, he said: "I vividly remember being bitten on the head and the sound that makes as her teeth were going into my head and running along the skull.
"It was just a horrendous fight. I do remember her hitting me in my left eye and how that felt. There was just a bright flash of light.
"It stopped just in time for me to survive."
John was attacked outside his holiday home close to Seattle, US, on September 17.
He had been walking his dogs nearby at about 8.30pm when he heard some rustling in the leaves. Seconds later an 11-stone black female bear lunged at him.
John managed to run away and head back towards the cabin, but the beast ran after him and pounced on his pets.
When they escaped, the bear turned her attention back to him.
John fought the bear off by kneeing her and called to his wife Lynn and daughter Megan, 11, inside their cabin, begging them to call the emergency services.
The bear bit into his head just as his wife ran out, activating the motion-sensitive outside lights and scaring it off.
John, a councillor in Bellevue City, east of Seattle, yesterday praised his wife Lynn for saving his life.
He revealed how she made a desperate call to the emergency services - in which John can be heard in the background saying: "I'm dying."
Lynn said of the attack: "I thought it was a big black dog. When I got down there my reaction was just to stay on the phone and tell them what was going on.
Unstable sloth bear tracked, killed in Amravati Published: Sunday, Aug 8, 2010, 0:46 IST By Jaideep Hardikar | Place: Mumbai | Agency: DNA The sloth bear that had killed four persons in a village in Melghat forest of Amravati district Thursday morning, was killed by a tracking team on Saturday.
The tracking team was looking for the bear since the incident occurred in Jarida village, on the outskirts of Sipna forest along the Madhya Pradesh border in the thickly forested Melghat range in Satpuda.
On Saturday afternoon, the team tracked the bear — a young male — about one-and-a-half km away from the village, forest officials said. The team first tried to tranquilise the animal, who began beating himself unusually, according to the Melghat forest field director AK Mishra.
The bear began chasing the tracking team after their efforts. The SRPF troops then neutralised the animal, officials said. According to sloth bear expert and assistant conservator of forest Ajay Pilari Seth, the bear behaviour was abnormal.
Initially, the forest officials thought that the animal that had attacked the villagers must be a female in search of her cubs, but later found he was male.
On Wednesday night, the bear strayed into the village and clawed four people to death, including a forest department employee and a teacher, in what is being described a freak and first incident of its kind in Vidarbha.
On Thursday, forest officials who went looking for the bear found only the bodies of two other victims, one of them a teacher. The fourth victim was a 17-year-old boy. Three others escaped its clutches with injuries.
Meanwhile, in an unrelated development, the central zoo authority ordered for the shifting of two sloth bears — a male and female about 16 years of age — from the Maharajbaug zoo of Nagpur to Bangalore's biological centre due to inadequate facilities and violation of norms.
Three rescued sloth bears from Chhattisgarh have also been ordered to be shifted to a bear rescue centre in Bangalore.
DEADLY PASSION: TRAGEDY IN KATMAI investigates the fatal bear maulings of bear activist Timothy Treadwell and his companion Annie Huguenard that occurred in October 2003 in Katmai National Park, Alaska. This story unfolded in newspapers and magazines across the globe, reporting Treadwell’s passion for bears, delving into details of Treadwell’s life and outlining the personal cause that ultimately led to his death. However, the details of the story are a source of ongoing controversy and spans issues of bear-human relations that are far greater than the incident itself. DEADLY PASSION examines this tragic event within this context. www.snagfilms.com/films/watch/deadly_passion/
Bear in Fatal Attack Is Killed; Cubs May Go to Zoo (July 30) -- A mama grizzly bear was euthanized today after tests determined she was responsible for a fatal attack at a Montana campsite, but her cubs may be sent to live in a zoo, an official said today.
A third cub was caught in a culvert trap early this morning, and likely participated in the deadly mauling of 48-year-old Kevin Kammer from Grand Rapids, Mich., according to The Associated Press. The capture came a day after its 400-pound mother and her two other cubs were picked up by park officials.
Wednesday night, the mother tore through the Soda Butte Campgrounds near Yellowstone Park, killing Kammer and injuring two other people in a rare and seemingly unprovoked attack. The adult bear was put down this afternoon after officials received the results of DNA tests confirming that the captured bears were the ones that attacked the campsite, said Ron Aasheim, a spokesman for Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks.
"The mother bear will be put down," Chris Servheen of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife service told ABC's "Good Morning America" this morning. The cubs though, will "probably live out their lives in a zoo," he said.
There had been some speculation that the cubs would also have to be put down, since they witnessed their mother brutally attacking humans.
"The cubs have learned, in essence, that this is how to hunt," Andrea Jones of Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks told NBC's "Today." "They've learned behavior that humans are prey. And that is not acceptable."
Servheen, though, said the cubs can be safely kept in a zoo, but added that they will never be released into the wild. "The animals entered that campground with the express intent of killing and eating a person," he said.
Experts say fatal bear attacks on humans are rare, and they're baffled by the aggressive behavior of this particular grizzly. "This is an extremely rare case," Jones told NBC. "What happened here, we can't explain it right now."
Hungry bears forced out of Siberian village by cold 15:39 11/11/2008 NOVOSIBIRSK, November 11 (RIA Novosti) - The hungry bears that have terrorized a village in Siberia's Altai Territory for several months have left the area due to a drop in the temperature, a spokesperson for a local nature reserve said on Tuesday. At least 20 bears entered the south Siberian village of Yailyu - located on the territory of the nature reserve - in late August in search of food. The bears hunted at night, killing chickens and cattle, destroying fences and sheds, and occasionally attacking humans. "With the first frost, the bears left. The locals have not met any bears for around two weeks," said Sergei Varganov, a forester at the nature reserve, adding that the animals might have gone into hibernation. Bears start their hibernation in November after building up enough reserve body fat to make it through the winter. However, if bears fail to eat enough food, they can wake up and pose a threat to humans. Meanwhile, wildlife experts have advised the villagers to continue taking measures to protect themselves, as not all the bears might have started hibernation and could later return to the village. In late October, a villager survived an attack by a brown bear. Locals said they also killed three bears that had entered the village and were posing a threat. Killing the bears is banned by the environmental protection agency Rosprirodnadzor. The villagers said they had resorted to killing the creatures after other efforts to repel them had failed. The director of the nature reserve, Svetlana Shigreva, earlier said such behavior from the bears had never been seen in the reserve's 76-year history. Wildlife experts say the bears have been forced to look further afield for food due to a local shortage of berries and nuts. en.rian.ru/russia/20081111/118245509.html Russian nature reserve protects villagers from hungry bears 11:48 06/10/2008 NOVOSIBIRSK, October 6 (RIA Novosti) - Russian wildlife officials have brought in armed guards to protect the public from hungry bears in Siberia's Altai Territory, a spokesperson for a local nature reserve said. Locals said at least 20 bears have been roaming the village of Yailyu, which is located on the territory of the nature reserve, since late August as they search for food. The bears come to the village at nights, killing chickens and cattle, destroying fences and backhouses, and even attempting to attack people. Neither shouting nor gunshots can make the bears leave the village, officials said. The director of the nature reserve, Svetlana Shigreva, said such bear activity had never been seen in its 76-year history. Experts say bears come to the village because it has been a bad year for the berries and nuts they usually eat. "The village has been taken under armed guard by the inspectors of the national park, and its territory is being patrolled in the evening and overnight," Shigreva said. She added that the inspectors, who say they have exhausted their options to repel the bears, plan to ask Rosprirodnadzor, Russia's environmental protection agency, to allow them to kill the most aggressive bears.
Siberian police kill hungry bear over dog attack 10:57 27/10/2008 KRASNOYARSK, October 27 (RIA Novosti) - A police officer in East Siberia's Krasnoyarsk Territory shot and killed a hungry bear that attacked a dog in a village, a police spokesman said on Monday. The spokesman said, the three-year-old bear was foraging for food in the village of Nedolgy, in the Krasnoyarsk Territory and posed a threat to locals. The concerned villagers contacted the police for help in dealing with the bear. "The predator was found in one of the yards where it had already mauled a dog," the spokesman said. "In view of the seriousness of the situation, the police officer shot the bear killing the animal with a rifle," he added. The Krasnoyarsk Territory had seen a number of bear attacks on local people in recent months. In September, a woman was mauled to death by a bear, and a group of Kazakh tourists were rescued by local emergencies officers following an attack. In Siberia's Altai Territory, a man was attacked earlier this month by a brown bear in a village in the taiga, which had been on alert over increasing numbers of hungry bears foraging for food. Wildlife experts blame increasing development and tourism, as well as a lack of berries and nuts, the bears' main food source, for the rise in attacks this year
Bear breaks into Russian school, shot by police officer A bear apparently wounded by hunters broke into a school in the Primorye Territory in Russia's Far East, police said Sunday. The incident occurred on Friday. A police officer who arrived at the scene had to open fire to kill the animal when the bear attacked him and ripped his clothes. The bear's body was given to a local agricultural academy, where it will be studied. "The animal became aggressive, and we had no other way out than to shoot. It's good no one in the village was injured," a police officer said. VLADIVOSTOK, January 9 (RIA Novosti)
Bear fatally mauls two geologists in Russia's Far East 13:46 18/07/2008 PETROPAVLOVSK-KAMCHATSKY, July 18 (RIA Novosti) - A brown bear killed two geologists in the northeast of the Kamchatka Peninsula, in Russia's Far East, a local emergencies spokesman said on Friday. The incident occurred in the Olyutor Range, in Kamchatka's Koryak Autonomous Area. "According to preliminary information, both victims were specialists based with a geological field party working for [local mining company] KoryakGeolDobycha," the spokesman said A team of police officers has flown to the scene in a helicopter. The Kamchatka brown bear is one of the world's largest bear species, weighing around 700 kg (1,500 pounds), and with body length of 3 meters (10 feet). Around 16,000 bears currently inhabit the region, and on average kill three people per year. According to Russia's agricultural regulator Rosselkhoznadzor, the local bear population is on the rise
Bear mauls sleeping camper to death in Russia's Far East 14:21 16/08/2007 KHABAROVSK, August 16 (RIA Novosti) - A brown bear mauled a sleeping camper to death in Russia's Far East Thursday morning, a local Interior Ministry spokesman said. "Several campers sleeping in tents were suddenly awakened by a loud growling and the sound of someone struggling," the spokesman said. "An enormous brown bear practically tore a 37-year-old man into pieces." The camper died of serious injuries soon after the attack, and the bear was shot dead by other campers. It is the third instance of aggressive behavior by wild animals in the Far East this year. In May, a worker at a water treatment plant was seriously injured in a brown bear attack. In August, a brown bear bit off a five-year-old girl's hand when she approached its cage in a recreation area in Khabarovsk. Russia has the world's largest brown bear population, estimated at over 100,000.
Post by grrraaahhh on Feb 25, 2011 14:28:05 GMT -9
Since we're in the neighborhood, the following (earlier) story is worthy of repetition, from the "NEWS" section:
Bear trashes airplane (news from the web)
During a private "fly-in" fishing excursion in the Alaskan wilderness, a chartered pilot and fishermen left their cooler and bait in their airplane and a bear picked up its scent. This is what the bear did to the plane.
The pilot used his radio and had another pilot bring him 2 new tires, 3 cases of duct tape, and a supply of sheet plastic. He patched the plane together, and FLEW IT HOME!
HUMOR ALERT: speculation and rumor has identified the pilot as Angus MacGyver - the popular American 1980's TV character.
Brown bear called "shatun"(a non-hibernating vagrant bear)((bears that do not accumulate enough fat for hibernation anddo not sleep in winter).. Inyears of crop failure of primary fattening foods the “shatun” bears appear in large areas. Such shatun (wanderer) bears are responsible for most bear-caused human fatalities in Russia.
LIVING WITH BEARS IN RUSSIA M.A. Vaisfeld, Russia.
In Russia now live about 100 thousand brown bears and about 150 million persons. In most ancient times, people was less, and it is more than bears, but also then and now in the woods people and bears lived and live side by side. Their coexistence was difficult enough and varied in time. Natives of the North and Siberia even from late Palaeolithic period had the ceremony of reverence, and somewhere a humanization of bear. In ancient Russia people sympathies to bear and their popularity were much greater, than any other animal. It is not casual that people "awarded" a bear almost with forty nicknames. Northern peoples had and still have the huge number of superstitions, connected with a bear. They were based on quivering respect for force of an animal and at the same time they fear of him.
On the other hand, the bear served as object of a craft from ancient time. The hunt in those times had extremely utilitarian character (extraction of meat and skins), but was frequently accompanied by especial rituals. Conflict situations between a bear and the person were always, but they were not mass, as now and were less intensive, though sometimes were dramatic. Eventually all of them became more aggravated, during the increase of the population and anthropogenic press on natural ecosystems (large-scale wood felling, recreational pressures, an intensification of a hunt, growth of a livestock of cattle, etc).
Bears rendered and damage the person, attacking on cattle, ruining apiaries, peasant's log hut, destroying wild ungulate animals. Rather frequent unprovoked attacks on people. In case of a total poor harvest of the basic forages, which frequently happens in Siberia, undened animals sometimes terrorize and literally hold in silage the whole villages. About 150 attacks per one year are observed such period.
The person damages a bear by hunt and indirectly by economic activities resulting in anthropologenic transformation of ecosystems.
The intensity and character of a hunt eventually varied. In old times hunting holes, timbered traps, wooden traps and large bear traps were widely used. Hunt with Russian bear-spear - two-edged long blade, haft on a strong staff was considered as the special boldness of the person. The hunt with fire-arms on a den, on trains, on oats fields, with husky is now widely used. In the past the hunt for a bear was not regulated, and up to middle of 70th of already last century, encouraged. Further restrictions of terms of a hunt during summer, autumn, and winter period were introduced and the hunt began to be carried out under licenses.
In the last decade of the past century the illegal hunt for a bear extremely because of unprecedented demand on the bear's gall was widely used. Now commercialization of hunts for a predator are put under real threat the well-being of the populations on the east countries, especially in Khabarovsk and Primorsk areas, and sometimes in another parts of the areal. multimedia.hint.no/bearconference/abstracts/Vaisfeld.htm Very "large" (about 150 kg,exhausted and very thin)brown bear shatun " terrorize and literally hold in silage the village " www.amur.info/news/2010/11/26/12.html