SUMMER LAKE (KPTV/AP) - Ranchers in Southern Oregon have legally killed a 490-pound black bear after one of their cows was killed by the bear.
Stunning photos of animals
We've gone through our archives and pulled the most stunning and touching photos captured of wild animals and pets from all over the world. Take a look.More > The Herald and News reports that field biologists say the male bear weighed 490 pounds, stood 6-foot-5 and was 13 to 15 years old. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife biologist Craig Foster said the largest black bear he had previously seen weighed 345 pounds.
Marie Leehmann, who owns the ranch where the cow was killed, went beyond legal requirements by obtaining a kill permit, which was issued after it was determined one of the Leehmanns' yearling heifers had been killed.
Two days later, on April 4, Leehmann was checking the cows when a bear ran out of the herd. Her son, Ryon, shot the bear within a quarter-mile of their home.
Foster says ranchers are legally allowed to kill bears that attack cattle.
Copyright 2014 KPTV-KPDX Broadcasting Corporation. All rights reserved. The Associated Press contributed to this report.
‘This bear is a sick animal’: Italian farmers protest over rogue bear ‘killing cattle for sake of it’
An Italian brown bear has “gone rogue” and is now indulging in killing for killing’s sake, farmers in the Dolomite mountains claim.
The male bear, nicknamed “Blondie” for its pale fur, has killed dozens of donkeys, goats, sheep and cows in the meadows and high passes of the Trentino and Veneto regions and farmers say they want it shot. The six-year-old animal is one of about 50 that live in the Dolomites of northern Italy after the species was reintroduced to the region from neighbouring Slovenia in the 1990s.
The brown bear, which features in local folklore and on the crests of many of the region’s towns and villages, had been driven to the brink of extinction by hunting, trapping and poisoning.
Its reintroduction had been hailed as a conservation success story. But there is growing disquiet over the bears after a string of attacks on livestock and the mauling of a man who was picking mushrooms in the forest. Upland grazers say they are being forced to drive their herds down from the mountains much earlier than usual.
“This bear is a sick animal — he is killing purely for the sake of killing,” Valentino Frigo, the mayor of Roana, a village in the Veneto region north of Vicenza, told La Repubblica newspaper.
Conservationists want to capture the bear and attach a radio tracking device to it. But locals say that will do nothing to stop the attacks. Despite the brown bear being a protected species in Italy, farmers say this particular bear — known to wildlife officials by its code name, M4 — must be found and shot. They say people who like the idea of brown bears returning to the mountains should come and see their animals writhing in agony with their stomachs ripped out after nighttime attacks by the predators. “We’ve had it with this bear — he’s a killer,” said Giacomo Rigon, who has had two cows killed and eight injured in the past few months. “The authorities tell us that we need to put up electric fences, but they are useless.”
Fabio Spiller, another farmer, said: “The bear doesn’t only harm the animals it attacks. It creates panic so that the cattle run into the forest, where they sometimes fall into ravines. It’s enough to make you weep when you see a cow with its eyes full of terror, its back raked by the bear’s claws and its stomach ripped open.”
Snared, immobilized, trapped and contained, the sub-adult grizzly that killed five sheep over the weekend is now awaiting transport to a more appropriate environment for a hungry bear.
"The grizzly bear was captured at Jay Skoog's place last night," Mike Madel, a biologist and grizzly bear specialist for Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks, said Tuesday.
"We've immobilized it, handled it and radio collared it," Madel added. "It was put into a culvert trap and captured by Wildlife Services. It has been OK'd for the re-location by the Flathead National Forest."
The 2- to 3-year-old male grizzly captured roughly a half-mile from the Fort Shaw School on Monday almost certainly is responsible for killing five sheep on the Skoog ranch over the weekend.
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Officials from U.S. Wildlife Services and Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks responded to the depredation, hoping to capture the bear, end the threat to ranching operations along the Sun River and hopefully spare the bear's life.
"We watched him cross the river," said Jay Skoog, who had scared the bear aware from his flock two times in the previous 24 hours. "He jumped in the river not too far east of the house, but the current carried him down to a gravel bar. Then he ran up the bank and almost immediately went right to the trap, and he was caught."
A state game warden had set a culvert trap for the bear one day earlier, but the bear managed to snag a lamb carcass set as bait and avoid capture. The culvert trap was then removed and biologists from U.S. Wildlife Services set two foot snares to try to capture the bear.
That strategy focused upon the bear's conditioning to return to two sheep carcass piles along the Sun River where it had successfully scavenged food before.
The Skoog family watched in the twilight hours Monday night as the bear, now named "Shaw," pursued its instincts and was ultimately captured.
"He swam across the river, and probably within five minutes he was in that trap," Skoog said. "He growled and groaned and scared my sheep. They took off running, but he never did come to the house so we were almost certain he had found the trap. He was pretty vocal."
It is the best of all possible outcomes. The bear has been captured, the threat to sheep an calf operations on the Sun River has been elimated and Shaw has been examined, documented and will be released in the Flathead National Forest — 106 miles away from where he caused problems in the first place.
"From my best estimate it looks like a 21/2-year-old, sub-adult male," Madel said. "In human years it would be like an 8-year-old running around on its own. He's on a steep learning curve. Males don't reach their sexual maturity until they're 41/2 to 51/2.
The Skoogs waited for daylight before hiking a few hundred yards downstream from their house, where the bear was treed in the crook of a large cottonwood. A secure wire line was snagged around one of its front paws.
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Montana FWP officials immobilized the bear, loaded him into a culvert trap, and will release him east of the Hungry Horse Reservoir in the next hours.
"We actually responded to a young grizzly bear that was hanging around Augusta last week about this time," Madel said. "It looks just like it, so I'm pretty sure its the same bear that was by itself right on the outskirts of Augusta."
Madel said Shaw probably moved down the tree-lined shores of the Sun River after being kicked off of his mother.
"The female usual drives them away because she's coming into estrus," Madel explained. "Or males drive the offspring off when they find a receptive female. After they leave their mother, it's a tough world."
"For one, they're not in the protection of their mother," he added. "Two, they've learned a certain amount about foraging, but they're still learning, so they're often looking for any food resources they can find. They were taught to some degree to avoid people, but here they are nutritionally distressed."
Shaw is one of the lucky ones. Moved across the Continental Divide, the young bear has a more than even chance of never running afoul of humans again.
"What we didn't want to see was a repeated depredation for this sheep operator," Madel said. "We've resolved that threat, which from our perspective in preventative management is great."
State and federal wildlife biologists weighed, measured and took Shaw's vital signs. Weighing 277 pounds, the young male has the potential to become a larger-than-average adult grizzly. If he stays clear of trouble, Shaw could take his place as one of the kings of the northern Rocky Mountain ecosystem.
Skinning poor O404 out. Just look at the bruising to the neck and face! This was not a gentle way to pass out of this world
The hide is coming right off here, and you can see the trauma to her neck, withers area and shoulders.
The bruising went very deep in her throat area.
This photo shows the difference between what a skinned out carcass should look like (the back half of her body) and what the bear did to her front end.
The skinned out hide lying in front of the cow to show the bruising and area damaged. What a battle it must have been!
The Bear Story So I wrote this several days ago, and have come back for a proof read before sending it out. I know that wild animal/domestic animal conflicts have been a 'hot' topic, and I have no desire to resurrect any well hammered debate or initiate anything but friendly conversation. My intention with this blog saga was to 'tell it like it is', and shed a bit more light on the ranching industry and our beautiful piece of British Columbia. I feel that the more information that is available via real people (as opposed to media with an agenda), the better for everyone. Our industry included. We get such a bad rap sometimes, it drives me crazy. Despite popular belief, not all ranchers and guides 'shoot everything they see'. In fact, quite the opposite. When we see the caribou racing down the flat, we all stand up to watch and wonder. No one even thinks about a gun. When we come to a cow and calf moose on a slippery icy road, we slow right down and back off to make sure they can find a good exit and not be too pressured. Hay bales are left out in the winter, specifically to deter mommas and babies from being on the road, or foraging out where they are easy pickings for the wolves. No self respecting outdoorsman would think of harming mother with young babies, be it a grouse or a deer. A couple of friends of mine just commented the other day about watching 2 black bears enjoy the new green grass in their fields. Having said all that, ranching in our piece of beautiful British Columbia also includes dealings with predators, including wolves and bears. And there has to be a balance. I'm a bit apprehensive about putting a post like this out. Not because I'm even slightly uncomfortable about our life and lifestyle, but because I'm more of a 'hands on storyteller' than a debater. So to those that want to get fired up about events I'm about to describe, "come on out" I say! Get your gumboots, and maybe some gloves (some Vicks for your nose?) and help us skin this cow out. We will reminisce about what a good mother she was as we take short breaths and examine the shocking and massive trauma to her body. We will remember how willingly she took on the orphaned baby this spring, who is now a bag of bones and dried hide. We probably won't even mention both the short and long term cost of this night's bear play because we will be too busy trying to both keep our heads up for danger (where IS that bear?) and down to read the signs. When the dog barks, we'll both jump and nervously laugh at our pounding hearts. If you do want a debate, I'll hook you up with my neighbor, who has a much sharper tongue and quicker wit than I do. If you want to just hear the rest of the story, stick with me here.
First, I want to say that what I am describing to you is fairly unusual behavior for a bear, and we have not had problems like this for quite a few years. (Other areas have.) There are black and grizzly bears out here, always have been, and generally they mind their own business and leave the cattle alone. (We have had significant wolf problems over the last few years, but not bear so much.) I am always very comfortable riding by myself and have never had a scary or worrisome incident to do with a bear. (Knock on wood.) Part of the reason for this is that, out here, the bears are still 'wild'. If you do see a bear, it's usually his hind end as he races out of sight. This is not the case everywhere (such as Bella Coola, where they wander through mowed lawns and destroy fruit trees only meters from your front door), but our bears do not associate humans with food at all. Certainly no one feeds them (by choice or by garbage) and they still have a healthy respect for humans. Which is how it should be....keeps everyone safe.
Most of the local ranchers took a verification course several years ago. The course goes in to great depth about how to tell a) IF it was killed by an animal (or died of sickness or other event and then was eaten on later) and b) what the animal most likely was (cougar, bear and wolves all attack very differently and distinctly). When we reported the first calf, there happened to be a Conservation Officer nearby. The calf also happened to be accessible by quad, and the officer came out and confirmed, as we had thought, that the calf had been killed by a bear. A young black bear was the educated guess, who had probably been run off by the mother cow. (I did eventually find her, alive and well.) We all crossed our fingers that it was an isolated event. Calves and yearlings can really put themselves in to stupidly dangerous situations....it's not just the cat that curiosity killed. So that was Wednesday that I found that calf. Over the weekend I did another shoeing trip to Bella Coola.
When I got back, I had a message from our friends and neighbors, Henry and Aileen, that some of our cows had gotten into one of their pastures. Mum and I saddled up and headed over there Monday morning and sorted our cattle off. We could see another bovine way across the pasture and it didn't look good. Cows generally don't spend much time all by themselves and this one wasn't moving at all. We rode closer and sure enough, four feet were sticking in the air. There were absolutely no marks to be seen on the cow and our first thought was that she had gotten on her back and died. We finished moving our cows and, as we rode back to recruit some help, Henry and Aileen rode up. We then skinned out the cow to get a better picture of the story. And it immediately became very obvious that she had most certainly not died from 'natural causes'. In fact, it looked like she had been hit by a freight train or beat with a baseball bat wielded by a Sasquatch. It had happened between about 10pm Saturday, and 11am Sunday, and we found her on Monday. (We know the time as Aileen and her sister had been fencing in the area.) All the sign most definitely pointed towards a bear (verified by three qualified people), including the body area damaged and the trauma inflicted. The strange part is that the bear had not been back to claim or eat on his kill at all. Very very odd. Bears just don't leave their kill untouched. If nothing else, they bury it to come back later and certainly would not leave it out in the open. It also seemed very strange that there were really no signs of struggle on the ground...you would expect to see all sorts of torn up earth. Aliens were suspected. We watched closely for Sasquatch sign, or the baseball bat. We ruled out the freight train as the nearest one is 200 miles away. It was a bear....but where was he? (Or she?)
We called in incident in to the Conservation Officers and had an extended conversation with a man very well respected and well known in predator control. We sent photos and described everything as well as we could. He agreed that the kill most certainly sounded like a bear but was also puzzled by the fact that the carcass was untouched. There was nothing to do but wait and see. (Am I going to give you nightmares? I sure don't mean to, but if I am to keep this saga 'real', then this is 'really' what we are dealing with at the moment.) The next day, the cow was still untouched by anything besides birds. Aileen and I flew with my older brother (or rather, sat in the plane as he flew it) and didn't really see much. We were both happy to get back on our horses (which are plenty high enough off the ground for me!) and were a bit relieved when Henry decided to join us as well. Long story short, we found the calf of the dead cow. In much the same state as the cow, except a wolf had been enjoying the free dinner. And here, less than 1/2 a mile from the cow, the story started to come together. And yes, the calf had certainly been killed by the bear, not the wolf, and definitely not died from sickness etc. The claw/bite marks across the withers, bruising around the neck and clear bites and bruising to the face/nose area told everything we needed to know. Poor little Peanut, we grafted that calf on to that momma this spring!! So the story as we have pieced together.
The bear attacked the calf, perhaps out of it's own stupidity in getting too close, or perhaps as a follow up to the first one he killed. (I am sure we are not so unlucky as to have two bears working us over!) As he mortally wounded the calf, momma cow came charging to the rescue and an amazing fight took place. The cow was an older animal and probably one of our biggest, and they certainly tore up some earth. There is a little slough near where were found the calf, and the grass is fairly flattened through and near it. The end result, as we can tell, is that the cow ended up getting away, but dying from her injuries where we found her. And, we are thinking, that the bear did not fair well in the fight either, and that is why he has not been back to claim either of his kills. So he is either laid up somewhere, healing up, or perhaps the stinker expired too. One can only hope. We have all been riding more than usual, and there is simply no sign of the bear around, and he has not once been back to his kills. (I'm using 'he' generally, could easily be a sow.) mountainsbeyondthecows.blogspot.com/2015_06_01_archive.html
Rancher overwhelmed by grizzly bear attacks on cattle Grizzly bears have been feeding on cattle along the banks of Henry's Lake in Eastern Idaho, and one rancher believes officials have taken too little action to protect his livestock.
ISLAND PARK, Idaho — Both cow carcasses had been reduced to bone piles by the time Brian Mays returned Sept. 5 to the kill site, hidden among thick brush within a boggy, 300-acre private pasture he leases about 2 miles southwest of Henry’s Lake, near Yellowstone National Park.
“So this is where 1537 met her demise,” Mays said, studying an ear tag among the remains.
Mays has no doubt as to who — or what — the culprits were. He estimates grizzly bears have killed at least 14 of his cows during the past four years, including four this season.
He’s been frustrated, however, that wildlife managers haven’t proactively helped to keep his herd safe from the federally protected predators — or set traps to remove bears immediately following confirmed livestock kills.
He considers the conflicts on his ranch evidence that grizzly bears have met their Endangered Species Act recovery goals, and it’s past time to take the Greater Yellowstone area population off the list of protected species.
“We need to have methods to protect our livestock,” said Mays, who also raises forage in Howe, Idaho, and trucks cattle and agricultural commodities. “This is my livelihood.”
Mays discovered four missing bred heifers on Aug. 28. That same day, he found two fresh carcasses, which Idaho Wildlife Services staff quickly confirmed as grizzly kills.
Mays initially sought the Idaho Department of Fish and Game’s help with grizzlies when they surfaced in his pasture in early June. Policy, however, prevented wildlife managers from acting prior to a confirmed attack.
Even after kills were confirmed, Fish and Game carnivore biologist Bryan Abert explained the swampy topography and the sheer number of bears frequenting the area made setting a trap and capturing the correct bear too difficult. Wildlife Services is responsible for trapping problem grizzlies in Idaho, and Fish and Game is tasked with relocating or destroying the bears. Abert said it’s vital to capture the correct bear because killing cattle is a learned ability that few bears possess. Abert said other cattle ranchers in the area have avoided grizzly depredation simply by checking on their herds daily.
For Mays, who visits the ranch every couple of weeks, the bears have been undaunted, and he disagrees trapping wasn’t a viable option. On the morning of Aug. 29, rather than walking into a trap, two bears were photographed by Mays’ motion-activated trail camera feeding on the carcasses.
“This particular kill we investigated last week was two or three days old at the least, and they needed to set their traps that day to get the right bear,” Mays said.
With no recourse to protect his cattle, Mays moved them 30 miles to a safer pasture. The decision cost him.
“I’ve got way more grass out there than I’ve ever had and could have made it until the middle of October,” Mays said.
An ESA success story
Given that grizzlies are still a federally threatened species, Idaho Fish and Game spokesman Gregg Losinski said his department must coordinate all management actions with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Losinski said Fish and Game’s official position is that the grizzly population is recovered and should be delisted. He said the most current population estimates place bear numbers in the ecosystem during 2014 at between 757 and 1,150 grizzlies, compared with a recovery goal of 500 bears. Bears were briefly delisted from 2007 to 2009 but were restored to the list in response to a lawsuit by conservation groups, alleging inadequate regulatory mechanisms and that the delisting analysis failed to adequately assess the effects of climate change on white bark pine trees, which produce nuts that are central to grizzly diets.
A federal court ruled against both arguments about a year and a half ago. Though leaders from the three states have been planning for delisting since then, Chris Servheen, grizzly bear recovery coordinator with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, said there is no current proposal to go forward with the process, which would require the introduction of a new rule and a public-comment period. Delisting would commence at the discretion of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service director.
Losinski argues that the Greater Yellowstone grizzly population and its threats have been extensively studied, and the bear’s recovery is one of the great Endangered Species Act success stories. If the grizzly can’t be delisted, he fears there’s little hope of declaring success for other listed species.
“It’s an important test because it either shows the Endangered Species Act works based on science or it doesn’t,” Losinski said. “It’s important for the sake of the process to show the process works.”
Even leaders with the Greater Yellowstone Coalition — a plaintiff in the federal lawsuit over grizzly delisting — agree the population has grown and is enjoying wider distribution. But Kathy Rinaldi, GYC’s Idaho conservation coordinator, emphasized that grizzlies are extremely slow to reproduce. She considers it imperative that sound management plans be implemented if the species is delisted to prevent the population from losing ground again.
Rinaldi said GYC has focused on protecting core habitat, maintaining habitat connectivity and preventing conflicts with grizzlies to aid in recovery. Toward reducing conflicts, she said GYC will cover the costs of range riders for ranchers to monitor livestock. Th group also funds voluntary grazing permit buyouts on public land.
Reimbursement for losses
Shortly before moving his cattle to a safer pasture, Mays and his son-in-law, Todd Sharp, and his ranch hand, Wayne Scoggin, searched the boggy pasture using four-wheelers for the final pair of missing cows.
They carried shotguns and pistols in case of a chance encounter with a grizzly — the law prohibits firing at threatened grizzlies for any reason other than personal safety.
About a half hour into the search, Sharp discovered a burial site within a thicket of trees. He explained grizzlies bury their prey and wait for it to start decomposing before they return to eat it. They found a second burial site nearby.
Mays anticipates Defenders of Wildlife will reimburse him for full market value of the first two kills, given that they were assessed for wounds before bears stripped the carcasses clean. The final two carcasses, however, were too decomposed to prove bears were responsible, and weren’t simply scavenging.
Todd Grimm, director of Idaho Wildlife Services, said additional funding to compensate ranchers for livestock losses by grizzlies is available under the farm bill’s Livestock Indemnity Fund. Grimm said grizzly attacks have never been a problem for ranchers in Northern Idaho, but they sometimes occur near Island Park, a busy corridor for the species.
From 2010 to 2014, Wildlife Services investigated 23 grizzly bear depredations of livestock, with predation confirmed in 19 cases.
By comparison, during the same period, Grimm said the state’s 20,000 black bears committed 34 confirmed livestock depredations, its 2,500 mountain lions were linked to 44 confirmed depredations and its 770 wolves committed 507 attacks.
In Idaho, Grimm said 2015 has been a slow year for grizzly depredations, with just a couple of livestock attacks reported and a hunter reporting minor wounds following an Aug. 31 attack near Sawtell Peak in Fremont County.
“For us, it had been no grizzly problems here until (recently),” Grimm said. “My counterpart in Montana has had more grizzly problems than he’s had wolf problems.”
Montana's livestock-loss program has reimbursed ranchers for 42 animals killed by grizzlies so far this year — eight more than in all of 2014, not counting the 22 cattle lost this year to bears that have not yet been claimed.
One report came from as far east as Floweree, Montana, about 100 miles northeast of Helena, George Edwards of the Montana Livestock Loss Board said Tuesday.
Wyoming officials expect a less drastic increase in livestock attacks and the range of roaming by grizzly bears this year. "We're having what I guess you would call a steady increase in livestock depredation as grizzly population and area expand," said Brian DeBolt, Wyoming's large carnivore conflict coordinator.
This is only the third year Montana has offered financial relief to ranchers who lose livestock to grizzlies, but Edwards said the state has long been encouraging people to report bears' interactions with livestock.
The number of animals killed this year amounts to a spike amid a long-term downward trend of grizzly attacks on livestock along the Northern Continental Divide, state and federal officials said.
"These numbers vary from year to year anyway, and more reporting may be happening now because there's reimbursement," federal grizzly recovery coordinator Chris Servheen said. "But the big picture is that we try to mitigate conflicts."
Montana's Northern Rockies Wildlife Manager Graham Taylor said measures taken during the last few years to electrify fences and fortify food storage have helped to reduce the number of bear-livestock conflicts in parts of Montana despite a growing number of grizzlies.
But other state and federal officials say that trend doesn't hold true for ranches surrounding the grizzly population in the Yellowstone National Park region of Wyoming, Montana and Idaho. Idaho officials did not return calls for comment Tuesday.
Yellowstone sees most of Wyoming's grizzly-livestock interactions, DeBolt said. Conflicts have ranged from 77 reports in 2011 and 135 in 2012 to 113 in 2013. The state recorded 130 grizzly encounters with livestock in 2014 and, although Wyoming has used similar mitigation tactics as Montana, DeBolt said he expects an increase this year.
"We've made headway, but overall it's increasing and I think it's more of a function of bear numbers and distribution," DeBolt said.
Scientists estimate about 1,000 grizzlies live in Yellowstone and another 1,000 live in the United States' northern Rockies.
Like the population north of them, Yellowstone grizzlies have been migrating east, said Frank van Manen, leader of the U.S. Geological Survey's Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team. "Even though this range expansion is fairly faster than we anticipated, it's still occurring little by little every year," van Manen said.
Grizzlies kill about 17 one-thousandths of 1 percent of the hundreds of thousands of cattle that now graze the northern prairies, Servheen said. The area was once prime grizzly bear habitat.
"That was in the time of Lewis and Clark, when there were millions of bison out there," Servheen said. "The recent bears that we see going out on the prairie, that's a new thing because most of those bears were gone before the turn of the (20th) century."
Predation Losses of Cattle in Alberta MICHAEL J. DORRANCE Coyotes (Canis htrans), black bears (Ursus amerkanus), and wolves (Canis lupus) were reported responsible for 35, 31, and 16%, respectively, of confirmed predation losses of cattle in Alberta during 1974-78. Coyotes selected for calves over adults, and adults over yearlings, black bears selected for calves over yearlings, and yearlings over adults, and wolves selected for calves and yearlings over adults. Predation of cattle by coyotes, bears, and wolves peaked during March-June, May-July, and AugustSeptember, respectively. Little information is available on predation losses ofcattle, even though the value of losses from predation are comparable for cattle and sheep in the United States (Anon. 1978, Gee 1979). In Alberta, the value of cattle lost to predation from coyotes, black bears, and wolves exceeds that of other species of livestock.1 This paper describes the monthly chronology and age distribution of predation losses of cattle in Alberta, Canada during 1974-78. journals.uair.arizona.edu/index.php/jrm/article/viewFile/7419/7031
"...Bears are omnivores meaning that they will eat a variety of foods from plant matter to insects and meat. They are also hibernators and must consume huge amounts of food during the fall to gain enough weight to survive winter. During this time they can gain over 3 lbs each day (6). Because bears have such high resource demands, it may appear that bears kill livestock out of necessity to fulfill their daily energy requirements. However, in most areas, their diet consists of over 90% vegetation, and depredation does not correlate with the abundance of natural resources indicating that bears do not attack livestock because they are lacking natural sources of food. Data on livestock losses in Europe show that depredation is not the result of large carnivore populations either, as the small population of 25 to 55 bears in Norway kill more livestock than the more than 2,000 bears in Sweden (4).
Instead, attacks on agricultural animals are related to livestock management. Bone yards where ranchers deposit carcasses are the main attractant associated with bear conflict. Certain livestock operations are also more high risk than others. In almost every country where bears and sheep exist together, sheep account for the majority of livestock killed by bears. Sheep are smaller and more vulnerable than cattle with their only defense being their strong flocking instincts. Lambing and calving areas also have high probabilities of bear predation because newly born animals are easy prey. Other livestock management characteristics correlated with high predation rates include animals which are untended for long periods and those that are left out at night when the majority of bear attacks occur..." "...Livestock are an easily accessible food source compared to their wild counterparts. Thus, when bears come in contact with livestock, they often kill more animals than they can eat leaving carcasses behind. Bears are opportunistic feeders, so this is normal adaptive behavior for them as it is advantageous to kill multiple animals at once when predation is easy. This occurs less in the wild because multiple kills are typically difficult with wild ungulates (6). Near Yellowstone, all bears that had access to sheep attacked them. Of the 37 bears collared, only four returned to the same areas at the same time of year after predating livestock (5). All bears that killed livestock exhibited normal foraging behavior similar to that of other bears. This indicates that killing livestock is not a unique behavior that’s only learned by a few problem bears. Livestock depredation is the result of easy foraging opportunities..." "...All bears that attacked full-grown cattle outside of Yellowstone were adult males (5). Bears of all age classes killed sheep, but juveniles exhibited less caution in doing so and were caught and killed more often as a result. One yearling and juvenile male in Wyoming together killed over 30 sheep in one night (6). Adult bears typically kill one or two sheep on the outer edges of the herd and are thus better at avoiding herders. Bears may learn to improve their ability to kill livestock without getting caught. This may mean that juveniles do not necessarily predate livestock at a higher rate; they may just get caught more...."
"...In Montana, grizzly bears—a threatened species—are regularly culled from the population when they become habitual sheep or cattle killers..." “All of a sudden, we had two bears killing livestock,” remembers Madel, a 30-year veteran in his field. The female was relocated and successfully turned back onto a natural diet. The male, however, after a relocation effort, traversed the 150 miles back to the cattle country where he’d been trapped. Nicknamed the “Falls Creek Male,” the bear resumed killing—and did so for years. By 2001, this individual grizzly had killed more than 60 cows, Madel says, and incurred costs on ranchers topping $70,000. Other sources inflated that figure to as high as $200,000." www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/what-should-be-done-with-yachak-the-cattle-killing-bear-of-the-andes-15309413/#ixzz2QNlymv9m
Shocked farmers spot panda killing and feasting on livestock in rare example of the bears eating meat
* A three-foot-long panda was spotted in southwest China eating a goat * It apparently attacked the animal before feasting on it and leaving the bones * In 2011, a panda was filmed by scientists gnawing at the bones of a dead cow (takin)
27 February 2017
Farmers from China have told of their shock after spotting a wild panda apparently killing and eating a goat.
The workers, based on the outskirts of Leshan in southwest China, told the Chengdu Business Daily that they saw the three-foot-long bear climbing down from a mountain before it made the attack.
While the unusual behaviour wasn't caught on camera, a photograph of the bloody goat bones have been released.
The image shows the animal's skull completely stripped of flesh.
While pandas more usually eat bamboo, they have been known to eat goats or sheep in the past.
In 2011, a wild panda was filmed by scientists gnawing at the bones of a dead gnu (takin), a type of wild cow, in China's Sichuan province.
Apparently the hashtag 'wild giant panda eating goat' has attracted 1.75 million views on microblogging platform Sina Weibo, since the panda's goat kill last Wednesday.
Many commentators have expressed surprise at learning that pandas can eat meat.
'I thought pandas are naive and only eat bamboo, I didn't expect them to be so fierce,' one Weibo user wrote.
According to the World Wildlife Fund China pandas have the digestive system of a carnivore and will eat meat if available, but adapted a long time ago to a vegetarian diet.
Because of this carnivorous digestive system the panda derives little energy and protein from consumption of bamboo so must eat as much as 14kg (30 pounds) a day to stay healthy.
It has taken millions of years living in bamboo forests for the panda to improve its ability to digest cellulose from bamboo.
In 2014, a census by the Worldwide Fund for Nature, found that there were 1,864 giant pandas alive in the wild.
While still very low, this represents a real success story, with numbers increasing from around 1,000 in the late 1970s.
In the past decade, giant panda numbers have risen by 17 percent.
Pandas are difficult to breed because females ovulate only once a year and can only become pregnant during a two or three-day period.
"El conflicto humano-oso, por depredación a ganado es cada vez más frecuente en el rango de distribución de ésta especie. Un buen manejo del ganado, medidas disuasivas y un programa de compensación, ayudan a reducir el conflicto, pararlo nunca. Video filmado en Alto San Isidro, Putumayo, Colombia, por Mauricio Ceron".
"Human-bear conflict due to livestock predation is getting more and more frequent in the distribution range of this species. Good livestock management, dissuasive measures and a compensation program would help to reduce the conflict, but never stop it. Video filmed in Alto San Isidro, Putumayo, Colombia, by Mauricio Ceron."