"Predators of spectacled bear cubs include mountain lion (Felis concolor), and possibly male bears. Spectacled bears appear to avoid jaguar (Panthera onca), suggesting that jaguar might be considered a predator. The elevational ranges of these two species in Per� and Bolivia do not overlap on the same mountain slope, but do for 900m of elevation if the entire Cordillera Oriental is considered. Here, jaguar can occur up to 1,500m in elevation and spectacled bears can descend as low as 600m in elevation (B. Peyton unpubl. data) .