Amphicyon ingens Jun 30, 2011 8:29:08 GMT -9
Post by grrraaahhh on Jun 30, 2011 8:29:08 GMT -9
Originating from Asia, the Amphicyonidae in North America dates from the late Eocene (~40 Ma) to early Miocene (~9 Ma) a span of 31 million years.
Hulbert p. 201
Giant bear-dogs of the genera Amphicyon and Ischyrocyon (Carnivora, Amphicyonidae, Amphicyoninae) were the largest carnivorans in North America during middle and late Miocene (17.5-8.8 Mya) with a dental and skeletal morphology that combined features found in living Ursidae, Canidae, and Felidae. This study tests previously proposed models of diet and hunting behaviour of these extinct carnivorans. Relative grinding area (RGA) of lower molars and wear pattern on upper molars suggest that bear-dogs were carnivorous. Amphicyon and Ischyrocyon possessed skeletal features of both ambush (short distal limb segments) and pursuit (caudally bent olecranon process of ulna) living predators. Therefore, bear-dogs probably pursued their prey (mediportal ungulates) for a longer distance but at a slower speed than do living ambush predators. Upon catching up to its prey a bear-dog probably seized it with powerfully muscled forelimbs and killed it by tearing into its ribcage or neck with canines set in a narrow rostrum.
Ecomorphology of the giant bear-dogs Amphicyon and Ischyrocyon
To be continued......